Now days, we can see the great rise of usage of smart phones for example iPhone , iPads and different screens with diverse sizes, perspective proportions and resolutions, we have lost control of our visual fringes. Responsive websites are the sites that can adjust to any kind of screen resolution and dependably look great.
It’s not so surprising that responsive web designing (RWD) has turn into the new buzz. This rising pattern is not about the design or the different style; it is fairly an endeavor to tackle ease of use issues that emerge because of the different gadgets used in browsing the Internet.
In this article, we will depict the best practices to be utilized when designing websites for distinctive gadgets, screen sizes and resolutions needed to be considered, and how RWD works up to expectations from the designers perspective.
The most common approach while designing a responsive website that could fit into all the different screen sizes is that, it should be designed with a standard width and height. The standard screen size of monitor is 1024px X 760px. So the size of web secure area should be 989px X 548px.
If suppose the website is accessed on a bit larger screen, then the layout shows the more background. More than 90% of sites utilize this approach, yet it is less important while designing for the mobile phones. You just cannot utilize the same format for a 320px by 2000px screen.
Here are the couple of different methods to be used while designing for different devices,
Fluid grid designs:
Fluid designs are an essential piece of a good responsive design. To have a site that can adjust to a wide range of screen resolutions, you need to utilize a fluid grid format with widths characterized in percent’s rather than in pixels. To get the size in percent’s from a size in pixels, you need to take the component’s width and gap it by the full network size.
For instance: 400 pixels (component size)/960 pixels (grid size) = 0.4166666. Then multiply by 100, and you’ll get 41.66%. This is the reason it is fascinating to work with a 1000px lattice. 1000 is a round number, and it is anything but difficult to ascertain that 24% of this size will be equivalent to 240 pixels.
The most prominent strategy is in view of the grid matrix – it was the first recommendation for how RWD ought to function and it got support from Adobe. In the most recent form of Dreamweaver, you can utilize a grid format to make and alter designs in an easy way.
Images to be Flexible:
The most important aspect of a responsive web design is that, by which pictures can adjust to the parent size. The general way is to characterize the width of 100%. This will verify that your pictures arenot wider than the parent.
Look at this below code,
Use Jquery plugins:
One of the best tools used for the web development process is Jquery. Jquery plugins help you achieve the best responsive websites.
Have a glance at some of the JQuery plugins below,
The most important feature in FitText is that it can make flexible font-sizes. This plugin when used on your fluid or responsive layout to accomplish versatile features that fill the width of the parent element.
Elastislide is a responsive picture carousel go round that will adjust smoothly in a theme. It is a jQuery plugin that can be laid out evenly or vertically with a pre-characterized least number of indicated pictures.
Supersized is a full screen background slideshow developed utilizing the jQuery.
FitVids is a light-weight; simple to utilize jQuery plugin for fluid width video embeds.
Apples viewport Meta Tag:
Tag: <meta name>=”view-port” “>
Apple Company introduced a meta tag for their devices which allows you to display the actual size of the page when accessed on an iPhone or iPod.
Cascading style sheets CSS3 came up with a new attribute called background -size. At this very moment speculated, it is utilized to the size of pictures in the background. It can be a size in pixels, or it can utilize a portion of the saved essential words. The spread essential word scale the background picture (while safeguarding unique extents) to be at this very moment conceivable.
Get inspired with the Media Queries:
CSS takes into account page styling in view of characteristics of different devices the site is being shown on. Page styling is most-generally in light of the width of the program.
It is conceivable to few things relatively and the components at this very moment make everything fit that is sensibly well right now gets littler. It’s incredible that that is conceivable, yet making each bit of the content from a vast screen accessible on a littler screen or a smart phone isn’t generally the best reply. We have best practices for portable situations: less complex route, more engaged content, records or columns rather than different sections.
The ability of accessing and hiding content and re modulation the layout elements and instantly resizing the images. When the screen gets smaller, arranging the element to make mobile fit like using the script in order to increase the empty or the white space to replace picture navigation on the mobile devices.
Media Queries makes adapt to screen resolution like the screen of smart phone and the screen of desktop. Example: smartphone screen vs. computer screen.
When developing a responsive website it is a minimum responsibility to test it in different resolutions. You can resize the browser and check the responsiveness, but we have many available online tools that make your work simple.